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Where Innovation Lives

Chrome White Iron Casting Outlasts CCO 20 Times

Posted byadminon June 29, 2016

A company in the Alberta Oil Sands approached Penticton Foundrypsc-lower-sump-cone.jpg to address a wear issue in a primary separation cell (PSC) lower sump cone.  The cone is a critical component of the primary extraction process.  Unplanned outages would result in a lengthy shutdown of the system as the vessel would have to be emptied in order to facilitate repairs.  The original design used chromium carbide overlay (CCO) to protect the bottom of the cone.  It would typically last 1000 hours (6 weeks) and would then require extensive weld repair to the CCO wear surfaces.   This process would have to be repeated every 6 weeks.

Penticton Foundry designed and supplied a high chrome white iron casting to “drop into place” without requiring any modifications to the existing vessel.  The casting was designed to protect the bottom portion of the vessel, as well as resolve an issue of premature wear on the lower edge of the inlet hole.


  • The high chrome white iron casting has been in service for over 7000 hours (42 weeks).
  • After a thorough UT inspection, it has been determined that it will remain in place for another 6000 hours (36 weeks).
  • The next inspection will coincide with the next major planned outage.
  • When taken out, it is forecasted that the casting will still have 6550 hours (39 weeks) of wear life remaining.
  • As 39 weeks will not last until the next major planned outage, the casting will be taken out of service after 13,000 hours (78 weeks) of uninterrupted run time.

Key Takeaways

  • The chrome white iron liner has the potential to run over 19,650 hours (117 weeks or well over two years). 
  • In this application the chrome white iron design was able to last 20 times longer than the original CCO design.